The Cop27 host has enhanced its use of mazut, a large gasoline oil, in electrical power stations, irrespective of its destructive impression on health and fitness and the surroundings

Cop27 host Egypt is expanding its use of mazut — a polluting weighty gasoline oil— in 20 ability crops, to no cost up fuel for export to Europe.

In June, the region signed a deal with the European Union and Israel to improve LNG profits to Europe, as part of the continent’s dash for gasoline to replace Russian strength imports.

The Egyptian government declared it would ration gasoline use and exchange it with other fuels at house. At a push conference in August, prime minister Moustafa Madbouly said Egypt envisioned to export 15% of its gasoline creation.  

The major substitute gasoline is mazut, a mix of heavy hydrocarbons that includes toxins like sulfides and heavy metals. It can be damaged down to deliver diesel.

A whistleblower from the Egyptian Ministry of Electrical power and Renewable Power explained to Climate House News mazut was previously currently being phased out owing to its unsafe health impacts.

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Official details issued by the Egyptian Electricity and Customer Protection Regulatory Agency exhibits the pattern. In Oct 2022, the share of mazut consumption in electric power vegetation achieved 20.95%, while the similar thirty day period in 2021 it was 3.67%.

“The use of mazut at the moment in stations alternatively of natural fuel is in entire contradiction with the climate meeting,” claimed the whistleblower, talking on condition of anonymity. “How do we communicate about the climate and lessening air pollution, and the percentage of diesel use will increase each working day?”

Plant closures

On Friday at Cop27 local weather talks, Germany and the US announced assist for Egypt to near 12 “inefficient” gas plants with an mounted capacity of 5GW. That will not immediately stop the use of mazut, as Egypt has 28MW of set up capability made to run on mazut or gas.

Requested about the gasoline change, Cop27 envoy Wael Aboulmagd informed Local weather Dwelling: “In our [national climate plan] we have made commitments that we intend to go forward on in all facets, adaptation but also on reduction of emissions…

“As a acquiring country, we have the prerogative to continue to mature and for our emissions to carry on to enhance, but cognizant of the unexpected emergency.”

Egypt seized the possibility to raise fuel exports to Europe. The region promoted gasoline as a “perfect solution” in advance of web hosting the UN local weather talks in Sharm el-Sheikh and reviewed gasoline deals on the sidelines of Cop27.

Europe’s sprint for gas could guide to an oversupply of close to five instances the sizing of Russian gasoline imports by 2030, Local climate Action Tracker estimates. This would be a “serious threat” to the Paris Agreement’s global warming restrict of 1.5C, the report warns.

Heading into reverse 

In excess of the very last 5 yrs, Egypt decreased the use of mazut, aiming to drop it absolutely by 2021. In September of 2021, the country acquired less than 1% of its electric power from burning mazut.

A few decades ago, we held a conference to enhance the performance of electrical networks and stations, and the most destructive position lifted was that we even now use [mazut],” mentioned the governing administration supply.

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The Egyptian Electricity Keeping Company switched at the very least 20 electrical power crops from mazut to fuel. Gasoline is nonetheless a fossil fuel with a significant local climate effects, but is significantly less dangerous to overall health when burned. Right after Russia invaded Ukraine, this development went into reverse.

“We have been astonished that much less than a calendar year ago, the use of mazut enhanced by a significant percentage, and it turned out that this is the country’s system to export fuel to Europe,” the source stated.

The electrical power plants are not solely transformed to mazut, stated the resource, but only partially. For illustration, in a 500 MW plant, “you could discover that gas is employed to crank out 300 MW and mazut to crank out 200 MW”.

The other aspect of Egypt’s gas export prepare is rationing intake. Nearby advocacy group EgyptWatch reported that has included decreased street lights and a 25C least temperature on air conditioning in general public venues.

“Harmful in all respects” 

The change back again to mazut brings greater air pollution. A 2019 examine carried out by Assiut College found the electricity crops belch out smoke and radioactive ash that settles on the floor.

An additional examine by the Ain Sharms University found that air air pollution from mazut has an adverse influence on the respiratory method and the liver.

Mazut is “harmful in all respects,” the whistleblower mentioned. “It is polluting, uneconomical and damages devices and [power] stations.”

Campaigners explained Egypt’s gas strategy was “shortsighted”, losing an chance to direct on a quicker deployment of renewables in Africa.

“It’s disappointing that Egypt has made the decision to prioritize Europeans’ needs in excess of the authentic wants of its citizens that are however having difficulties to obtain clean and responsible power,” reported Landry Ninteretse, Africa Group Guide at

Sebastian Rodriguez

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